Durable Peace Programme Baseline Report

Interview during baseline assessment, Photo by: Dustin Barter/ Oxfam
Paper author: 
Durable Peace Programme Consortium
Paper publication date: 
Wednesday, June 1, 2016

Executive Summary
The topics of this baseline survey and report are guided by the activities of the programme that it forms a part of, namely the Durable Peace Programme (DPP). As the DPP delivers a broad range of
activities, this report also covers many topics, outlined in the table of contents. The consortium has decided to share the results of this baseline, as it provides insights into the Kachin context for interested stakeholders, and also to encourage cooperation and information sharing. Considering the large amount of collected data, we have adopted a highly visual approach to the presentation to this report.

Main findings of the baseline include:
• IDPs are substantially worse off than non-IDPs across nearly all indicators, such as socioeconomic status, access to information and overall wellbeing indicators. For example, 88.6% of non-IDPs
respond positively about their level of happiness compared to only 32.4% of IDPs. Overall, the data suggests that displacement is connected to negative outcomes.
• There is acute inequality between IDPs, highlighting the extreme vulnerability of the poorest IDPs. This is particularly evident in breakdowns of income, food savings and monetary savings. For
example, the monthly income of the wealthiest quartile of IDPs is over 25 times the monthly income of the poorest quartile of IDPs. Inequality is also high, but less pronounced, for non-IDPs.
• Both IDPs and non-IDPs have very limited information about the peace process and even more limited opportunities to participate in and influence the peace process.
• KCA/NGCA IDPs consistently report better linkages with local (KIO) authorities than GCA IDPs with Myanmar Government authorities, such as in terms of service delivery and including community
issues in the peace process. There are other notable differences between KCA/NGCA IDPs and GCA IDPs throughout many survey questions, such as KCA/NGCA IDPs feeling safer.
• Although the situation experienced by IDPs is reported as largely negative, there appear to be some positives such as IDPs indicating a better understanding of gender-based violence (GBV)
than non-IDPs.
• There is a trend of female IDPs being worse off than male IDPs. Attitudes towards and prevalence of GBV are of particular concern.
• There are minimal differences in the results between youth IDPs and non-youth IDPs, except for some areas, such as income.
• Overall, IDPs are very uncertain about the future, both in terms of peace and their own household’s future development, whereas non-IDPs are more confident about a positive future.