Policy papers

E.g., 12/14/2018
E.g., 12/14/2018
A young women in Kachin state, doing household chore photo by: David Hempenstall/Oxfam
Women are less able to make their views heard in public decision-making processes in Myanmar. Therefore, budget priorities can fail to reflect their specific situations and priorities. This research looks specifically at what women understand and think about government budgets. It reveals that...
ၤFishermen in Kyauk Phyu/ Photo by: Kaung Htet
Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are clearly demarcated geographic areas where different legal and regulatory regimes relating to business and trading activities apply. Originally established as a way of circumventing trade restrictions, SEZs are usually intended to create an environment that will...
Agriculture plays a crucial role in the economy of Myanmar and is central to the lives of most of its population, 66 percent of whom live in rural areas. According to the previous government‟s Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation (MOAI), in 2013–14 agriculture contributed 23 percent of the...
It‟s time to build a human economy that benefits everyone, not  just the privileged few
New estimates show that just eight men own the same wealth as the poorest half of the world. As growth benefits the richest, the rest of society – especially the poorest – suffers. The very design of our economies and the principles of our economics have taken us to this extreme,...
Myanmar Currency
Key terms in social accountability and PFM Social Accountability: An approach that involves citizens and civil society directly or indirectly exacting accountability from governments and institutions. Social accountability can be understood as having two sides. One is the process of public and...
Women garment workers in Hlaing Thar Yar Industrial Zon, are going back to home from work by factory's ferry. Photo by: Kaung Htet/ Oxfam
Rising economic inequality across Asia is threatening poverty reduction and slowing down the fight against gender inequality. Although the region has experienced economic growth, the bottom 70 percent have seen their income share fall while the share for the top 10 percent has increased rapidly...
An IDP woman participating in survey for DPP Baseline report, Photo by: Dustin Barter/ Oxfam
Executive Summary The topics of this baseline survey and report are guided by the activities of the programme that it forms a part of, namely the Durable Peace Programme (DPP). As the DPP delivers a broad range of activities, this report also covers many topics, outlined in the table of contents...
A group of women are discussing about their concern for the village development, Photo by: Pan Ei Phway Phyu Sin/Oxfam
Despite the increased global visibility of women in politics, including at the highest levels, there is still a yawning gap in their level of political representation, compared with men. In October 2013 only one-fifth of all seats in national legislatures around the world were occupied by women,...
A woman with new born baby in Kachin IDP Camp where Oxfam works for humanitarian response. Photo by: Oxfam
A country’s budget can be a powerful lever for social transformation. A budget is the tool a government has to help it translate national resources into allocations which meet the needs and aspirations of its population, and set the country on a path to sustainable and equitable development...
Women garment workers in Hlaing Thar Yar Industrial Zone, going to the work, Photo by: Kaung Htet/Oxfam
This report presents the findings of research carried out by Oxfam in June and July 2015 on the wages and conditions of garment workers in Myanmar. Despite working six days a week and doing an average of 10.5 hours overtime each week, garment workers are not earning enough to adequately support...

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